The EUTM SOMALIA mission, started in 2010, is part of a European strategy for the Horn of Africa. The European Union, collaborating with other international partners, contributes to the development of the institutions in charge of the security in Somalia. In the period 2010-2012 the mission permitted to improve the security and life conditions in Mogadishu and other areas of the Country, thanks to the training activities of the Somalian Security Forces in the Bihanga Training Camp (BTC) in Uganda.

Confirming the development of the training activities in Uganda and responding to the requests of the UN Political Office (UNPOS), the African Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and the Somalian Government, since 2013 the European Union also provides political and strategic advice to the Somalian Authorities, specifically the institutions in charge of the security (Ministry of Defence and General Staff) as well as support and advice in the Security Sector Reform.

The activities were launched in May 2013, deploying the headquarters of the Mentoring Advising and Training Element (MATE HQ) in Mogadishu, at the international airport (MIA) where most of the assistance activities have been carried out in the second half of 2013.

In January 2014, after having reached the expected security level and completed the necessary structures for the activities of MATE, EUTM Somalia increased the presence in Mogadishu, in accordance with the Somalian Government, by deploying the mission Command and the remaining staff.